10 Steps to Warping – Step 2 – The Sett
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Once you have chosen your yarns, you will also need to determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be. If your pattern does not give you this information, or you are using an alternate yarn or are creating your own design, wrap the yarn around a ruler, so that each wrap of the yarn is just touching. Wrap the yarn over a space of 1 inch. Then count the number of wraps. This will give you an approximate sett.
In this example, this hemp yarn is best sett at 20 ends per inch (epi).
The sett may be adjusted up or down depending on the type of cloth that you are making, the yarn, the pattern structure and the desired drape of the fabric. The table below shows some suggested setts for Cottons and Linen yarns.
|COTTON (840)||YPP||Tabby – Loose – EPI||Tabby – Firm – EPI||Twill – EPI|
|LINEN (300)||YPP||Tabby – Loose – EPI||Tabby – Firm – EPI||Twill – EPI|
10 Steps to Warping
Step 1. Choose your project and yarns.
Step 2. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.
Step 3. Choose the correct Reed
Step 4. Calculate the Yarn requirements.
Step 5. Wind the Warp using a warping board or warping mill.
Step 6. Remove the warp chains and place them on the loom.
Step 7. Sley the Reed.
Step 8. Thread the heddles, following the draft plan.
Step 9. Wind the warp onto the back beam
Step 10. Tie the warp ends to the front beam.
Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!
The Key to Weaving: A Textbook of Hand Weaving for the Beginning Weaver
The Weaver’s Companion (The Companion Series)
Learning to Weave
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
A Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns: From the Friends of Handwoven
Krokbragd: How to Design & Weave
Doubleweave: On Four to Eight Shafts
Double Weave: Theory and Practice<
Magic of Doubleweave: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
Weaving In the Arts: Widening the Learning Circle
DIY Woven Art: Inspiration and Instruction for Handmade Wall Hangings, Rugs, Pillows and More!
>On the Loom: A Modern Weaver’s Guide