10 Steps to Warping: How to Wind the Warp
Special tools have been created that will help you to wind a warp – Warping Boards or Warping Mills. If you don’t have access to a warping board or mill, you can thread your yarn by wrapping it around anything that is the correct distance apart, such as the backs of 2 chairs, making sure that you create a cross in the yarn with each revolution.
From the previous example, or from your project plan calculations, you will have determined that you will need to prepare a warp of 390 ends, each 3.5 yards in length.
Warping Boards are generally used for projects up to 13 yards in length. Longer warps
require a Warping Mill. On a Warping board, the distance between each peg is generally 1
yard (or a meter if you are using a metric measure Warp Board). If your project is shorter than 12 yards, it is usually easier to thread your warp
using the full length of the board.
This photo shows a 5 yard warp length.
The project example given above required a 3.5 yard warp length. I usually round up 1/2 yards to
the nearest yard (if I have sufficient yarn) i.e. 4 yards. To begin warping, I tie the yarn to the first peg on the top Right side of the warping board. Going Left, I run the yarn Over the first peg and Under the following peg, then Over the far Left peg and reverse direction. Then to the next peg on the Right side of the board, reverse direction and on to the next peg on the Left side of the board and so on until there is a length of 4 yards on the warping board.
Then reverse direction and work your way back up to the top of the warping board. At the top, go over the Left peg, Over the next one, Under the following and back to the Far Right peg. This creates a Cross in the warp chain. The Cross is very important, as it keeps the warp yarns in the order that you threaded them.
In the above example, you would repeat this procedure until you have 390 ends. A warping board doesn’t generally hold 390 ends, so you will need make several warp chains. I usually do chains of 50 – 100 ends depending on the thickness of the yarn.
To keep track of the number of ends that I have wound onto the board, I use a counting thread; a contrasting piece of yarn and lace the ends in groups of 10.
Keep Even Tension
As you are winding the warp, you might find that the tension on the warp may tend to get tighter. If this is occurring, you will notice that the pegs are drawing in. For this reason, many warping boards do not have the pegs glued in. If the warp is tightening too much, the pegs will come loose rather than breaking on you. Try to keep an even tension while winding on. Otherwise, as the tension increases, each successive warp end is shortening and you will end up with a warp of different lengths.
10 Steps to Warping
Step 1: FTB Warping. Front to Back Warp Method. Choose your project and yarns.
Step 2: Sett. Determine the sett of your cloth, or how many threads per inch the fabric will be.
Step 3: Reed. Choose the reed that best fits your project pattern.
Step 4: Yarn Calculations. Calculate how much yarn you will need.
Step 5: Wind the Warp. Wind the warp onto warping board.
Step 6: Warp Chain. Make a warp chain to remove the warp from the warping board.
Step 7: Sley the Reed. Sley the reed through the heddles.
Step 8: Thread the Heddles. Thread the heddles according to drafting plan.
Step 9: Beam the Warp. Wind the warp onto the back beam.
Step 10: Tie Warp. Tie the warp onto the loom.
Congratulations! Now you a ready to Weave!
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