Warp-weighted looms have been found dating back to 5500 BC. The loom consists of a heavy frame with a roller beam on the top. The warp is attached to the top beam and the tension is held by weights at the bottom. The weaver usually stands and weaves from the top towards the bottom. The weft is beaten upwards.
Warp-weighted looms have been used since Egyptian times and have been used until this century in Iceland, Norway and Lapland.
Build a Warp Weighted Loom
Here are some instructions for making your own warp-weighted loom.
A sample of a warp-weighted loom at the Smith College Museum
Rigid Heddle Weaving Books
The Weaver’s Idea Book: Creative Cloth on a Rigid Heddle Loom
Handwoven Home: Weaving Techniques, Tips, and Projects for the Rigid-Heddle Loom
Color & Texture for the Rigid Heddle Loom: A Study in Yarn Selection for Weavers
Weaving Made Easy Revised and Updated: 17 Projects Using a Rigid-Heddle Loom
WeaveKnitWear: Simply Fabulous Clothing and Accessories for Rigid Heddle (and Other) Weavers
The Big Book of Weaving: Handweaving in the Swedish Tradition: Techniques, Patterns, Designs and Materials
The Handweaver’s Pattern Directory
A Weaver’s Book of 8-Shaft Patterns: From the Friends of Handwoven
Krokbragd: How to Design & Weave
Doubleweave: On Four to Eight Shafts
Double Weave: Theory and Practice<
Magic of Doubleweave: The Best of Weaver’s (Best of Weaver’s series)
Weaving In the Arts: Widening the Learning Circle